Advantages and Responsibilities of Being a Citizen (17:IV)

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There is no requirement that a permanent resident become a Canadian citizen. However, permanent residents may wish to apply to become citizens because:

  • citizens have the right to vote,
  • citizens have the right to apply for a Canadian Passport,
  • citizens may receive preference over non-citizens for certain jobs within the government,
  • citizens cannot be deported from Canada,
  • citizens are able to run in elections, and
  • citizens are not subject to the same residency requirements as a permanent resident.

In all cases, students should advise their clients to find out prior to applying for Canadian citizenship whether the countries of which they are citizens permit dual citizenship. As Canada allows dual citizenship, a client is able to acquire Canadian citizenship regardless of his or her possession of another citizenship. However, if the country of which the client is presently a citizen does not permit dual citizenship, the client’s citizenship of that country may be extinguished if the client acquires Canadian citizenship.

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