Glossary for Human Trafficking in Canada

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Causing a person to provide labour or services by doing something that could be reasonably expected to cause them to fear for their safety or the safety of someone they know if they did not perform the labour or services. It also includes using force, threats of force, deception, or coercion to remove a body organ or tissue from someone.
forced labour
Any work or services which people are forced to do against their will — under the threat of some form of punishment.
human smuggling
A transnational crime that generally involves the consent of the person smuggled. Smuggled persons are generally free to do what they want once they arrive at their country of destination.
migrant smuggling
Helping someone enter a country illegally in exchange for some form of payment.
trauma bonding
Development of positive feelings toward the trafficker.
This information applies to British Columbia, Canada. Last reviewed for legal accuracy by People's Law School, 2014.

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International Licence Human Trafficking in Canada © People's Law School is, except for the images, licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International Licence.