Who is a Canadian Citizen? (17:III)
Section 3 of the Act provides that a person is a citizen if they meet one the enumerated conditions. These include, in part, a person who was:
- They were born in Canada.
- They became a citizen through the naturalization process in Canada (i.e., they were a permanent resident before they became a citizen);
- They were born outside Canada and one of their parents was a Canadian citizen at the time of their birth because the parent was either born in Canada or naturalized in Canada. Then this person in this case is the first generation born outside Canada;
- A person may be a Canadian citizen if they were born outside Canada from January 1, 1947, up to and including April 16, 2009, to a Canadian parent who was also born outside Canada to a Canadian parent (in this case, the person is the second or subsequent generation born outside Canada).
- A person may be a Canadian citizen if they were adopted outside Canada by a Canadian parent on or after January 1, 1947.
A. Grant of Citizenship vs. Proof of Citizenship
A person who is a Canadian citizen by virtue of being born in Canada or being born outside of Canada to a Canadian parent may apply for proof of citizenship. To receive proof of citizenship, it is not necessary to pass the test or to take the oath of citizenship.
Persons who are living outside Canada should contact the Canadian Embassy in that country.
Permanent Residents of Canada who have fulfilled the necessary requirements can apply for and may be granted citizenship.
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